Types Of Embroidery

The art of decorating fabric with needle and thread is Embroidery. This art is done on natural fabrics with a tight weave like silk or cotton. It is a diverse range of evidence of our rich cultural heritage. These designs are influenced by different Indian cultures and have a distinct flavor of its own. This art is dedicated to the hard work of the craftsmen. Embroidery designs vary from region to region and the style of clothes. These designs are formed on the basis of texture of the fabric. It may include materials like threads, pearls, beads, and stones. 

                                 1. Chikankari 

Chikankari

This embroidery is known as the best textile decoration style. Its origin is to be known from Lucknow. It is believed to be introduced by Nur Jahan. This design began as the type of white-on-white embroidery. It is a very delicate design done by hand on a variety of textiles like chiffon, organza, net, etc. Currently, this embroidery as gained popularity because now it is done on cotton and silk in trendy colors which forms in sync with the modern times. To give this embroidery a rich look, additional embellishments like beads, and sequins are also adapted in recent times. One point to be noted before you start doing this embroidery is the fabric used cannot be too thick or else the embroidery will not be highlighted. Only fabrics like cotton, semi georgette, silk and chiffon are used. 

chikankari embroidery

2.Kantha

kantha

This is a very simple embroidery technique. It is originated from Bengal and Orissa. Traditionally, this embroidery was done on dhotis and sarees with a simple running stitch along the edges. The thread with which the embroidery was completed, it was taken from the borders of the used cloth. This embroidery is known for the designs created by the motifs of birds, animals and flowers. The everyday activity to create this stitch is giving a running stitch with small gaps. When this embroidery is done, it gives a slight wrinkled effect on the cloth. Currently, this design is used on variety of garments such as sarees, dupattas, shirts and also on furnishings. 

Katha embroidery

3. Phulkari

Phulkari

In Punjab, this design is the second most favourite of the people after Sarson Ka Saag. This design consists of flower work motifs. The stitches in Phulkari are done on the back side of the cloth so that the design takes place in the front. Hand Spun or naturally dyed khadi cloth is used for this embroidery. Highlight of this embroidery is that it is made with a contrast of bright colors on a light colored fabric, Floss silk threads are used to make this design. Simple embroidered dupattas made for everyday use are aslo referred to as Phulkaris. This unique embroidery was traditionally practiced by women in their free time. 

Phulkari embroidery

                                  4. Zardozi 

Zardozi

This design comes from the lands of Persia. This design is an ancient art of sewing gold and silver threads on the fabric. It was used to embellish royal garments during the Mughal Era. The original zari work was done by using pearls and precious stones with actual gold and silver threads. But nowadays, cotton yarn wrapped with metallic yarn is used to create such embroidery. Initially, the choice of fabric was also royal. Velvet and rich silks was considered to compliment this rich design. To maintain the shine of zardozi garments, these are wrapped in soft cotton or muslin cloth. 

zardosi embroidery

5. Kutch

Kutch

This is the traditional handicrafts of Gujarat. It is a perfect combination of thread, craft with mirror work. It is done on cotton fabric by using cotton or silk threads. This design stands out because of the use of mirror work and colorful threads. This design is also done on bags, accessories, decorative pieces and home decor. The various stitches involved in this design are running stitch, double button hole, satin and straight stitch. 

Kutch embroidery

6. Kashidakari

Kashidakari

This design is more popularly known as Kashmiri embroidery. It is said to be evolved under the rule of mughals and it is inspired from nature. The most common themes include birds, flowers, trees, creepers, etc. It is done by using chain stitch on cotton, silk and wool as base fabric. The thread colors are inspired by the local flowers of Kashmir. The entire embroidery is completed by giving only one or two stitches. Usually, the shades are created according to the background of the cloth.

Kashida embroidery 

7. Tambour work

Tambour work

This design is also known as Aari embroidery. Chain stitch is done by using an ari hook to make this design. The aari hook makes the chain stitch by catching the thread from back of the fabric and then creating the loop. The hook results in fast chain stitching. This hook is also called as Tambour hook or a Luvenile hook. In India, this work is also called as Zalakdozi and is mostly used in products made in Kashmir. Semi precious stones, crystals and kundans are added to make the work more beautiful and versatile. 

Tambour embroidery